ATTEN: Manager Liu
ADD: Longhua Development Zone, Jing County, Hengshui City, Hebei Province
The rapid development of China's iron and steel industry after the reform has provided a strong foundation and momentum for the germination and development of China's steel structure industry. In recent years, although the growth rate of steel production in China has slowed down, the drawback of overcapacity has emerged, and the soaring price of imported iron ore has made the cost of steelmaking remain high. In this way, the steel mill's desire to make a profit has become a fantasy. Steel mills, steel structures and metal maintenance enterprises are located in the upstream and downstream of the same industrial chain, which is a lip-and-teeth interdependent relationship. Although the market influence of China's steel structure and metal maintenance industry is not enough to save steel mills from floods and fires, the development and prosperity of the steel structure and metal maintenance industry can absolutely digest more steel and other metal building materials, and to a certain extent, alleviate the dilemma of small profits and even years of losses of iron and steel enterprises. The steel structure and metal maintenance industry, where opportunities and challenges coexist in the iron and steel industry, has certain particularities. On the one hand, steel structure and metal maintenance is a very important branch of the construction industry. In the fields of stadiums, museums, theatres, airports, railway stations and so on, steel structure occupies a very important position. On the other hand, steel structure, as its name implies, must be inseparable from steel. Steel structure is the most perfect combination of steel and architecture.
Therefore, as a member of China's steel structure and metal maintenance industry, our first task is to make good use of China's abundant iron and steel resources and achieve the perfect combination of structure and resources. This will not only help the steel structure and metal maintenance industry to continue to develop, but also help the steel industry get rid of the predicament of "high cost, low profit". 2000-2010 is the golden decade for the development of China's iron and steel industry, with a compound annual growth rate of 17%. However, with the blowout growth of steel production, the steel industry has also encountered problems such as excess capacity, low concentration, homogenization of products, unreasonable regional distribution and environmental protection. The operation of the iron and steel industry in 2012 presents four characteristics: 1. The iron and steel output is growing at a low speed, which is a new low in recent years. (2) Steel exports have maintained growth, domestic crude steel apparent consumption growth has fallen sharply, and the market is weak. (5) Steel prices have fallen sharply, and most enterprises are on the brink of loss. (4) The total investment in fixed assets of iron and steel industry in smelting, calendering and processing reached a record high in that year, which increased the pressure on excess capacity. The World Iron and Steel Association released "Statistics of Global Iron and Steel Production in 2012" on January 22, 2013.
China's crude steel output in 2012 was 716 million tons, an increase of 3.1% year on year, accounting for 46.3% of global steel output. Among them, China's crude steel apparent consumption in November was 619.77 million tons, and the sharp decline in crude steel apparent consumption growth confirmed the weakness of the domestic steel market. From January to November, China Steel Association member enterprises realized a total sales revenue of 3244 billion yuan, a decrease of 5.37% compared with the same period last year; realized profits and taxes of 66 billion yuan, a decrease of 57.73%, the profit offset by profit and loss of 1.97 billion yuan. In 2012, the profit and loss of the whole industry remained basically flat. According to the data from the Institute of Metallurgical Industry Planning and Research, the main industry of iron and steel is still in a state of loss. By the end of 2011, China's crude steel production capacity had reached about 900 million tons, a record high, with an excess of nearly 300 million tons compared with more than 600 million tons of demand. Since 2012, the daily average crude steel output has remained above 1.9 million tons. The production base of 900 million tons is too high for steel price to surge. Wang Xiaoqi, president of the association, revealed at an industry meeting in August 2012 that during the 2008 financial crisis, the profit of the steel industry was 50 yuan/ton, the profit in the first half of 2012 was 6.8 yuan/ton, and it had become 168 yuan/ton by July. The report of the eighteenth National Congress of the Party on strategic reserve and resource recycling points out that it is an important way for the iron and steel industry to promote the construction of ecological civilization by vigorously promoting the construction of ecological civilization and making more use of waste steel and renewable energy.
From the point of view of demand, the rapid development of iron and steel industry, the demand for scrap iron and steel is beyond doubt. China's steel output is currently about 700 million tons, of which the proportion of EAF steel is less than 10%. In terms of output, from 1949 to 2010, China's cumulative steel output has reached 5.76 billion tons. In 2011, China's steel output was 685 million tons. This year, it is expected to reach 720 million tons, with a total of about 1.4 billion tons in two years. Cut.